Dating greek orthodox women
The division of Eastern and Western Churches, then, in its origin corresponds to that of the empire.
Western Churches are those that either gravitate around Rome or broke away from her at the Reformation.
To find a time when there was one Eastern Church we must go back to the centuries before the Council of Ephesus (431).
Since that council there have been separate schismatical Eastern Churches whose number has grown steadily down to our own time.
Eastern Churches depend originally on the Eastern Empire at Constantinople; they are those that either find their centre in the patriarchate of that city (since the centralization of the fourth century) or have been formed by schisms which in the first instance concerned Constantinople rather than the Western world.
Another distinction, that can be applied only in the most general and broadest sense, is that of language. 430) most of all, who built up the traditions of the West; in ritual and canon law the Latin or Roman school formed the West.
An accident of political development has made it possible to divide the Christian world, in the first place, into two great halves, Eastern and Western.
The root of this division is, roughly and broadly speaking, the division of the Roman Empire made first by Diocletian (284-305), and again by the sons of Theodosius I (Arcadius in the East, 395-408; and Honorius in the West, 395-423), then finally made permanent by the establishment of a rival empire in the West (Charlemagne, 800).
We may, then, say that any ancient Church east of that line is an Eastern Church.
But it must not be imaged that either half is in any sense one Church.
The Latin half was so (in spite of a few unimportant schisms) till the Reformation.
To these we must add those formed by missionaries (especially Russians) from one of these Churches.
Later Latin and Protestant missions have further complicated the tangled state of the ecclesiastical East.
In faith a Catholic Armenian, for instance, is joined to Catholic Chaldees and Copts, and has no more to do with the schismatical Armenians than with Nestorians or Abyssinians. He knows quite well that he is a Catholic in union with the Pope of Rome, and that he is equally in union with every other Catholic.